What Are Task-Oriented Interventions?
Task-oriented training is function-based and draws on concepts from motor learning and motor control theories. Task-oriented interventions involve participation in functional activities with repetition and variations to both the environment and the activity itself. This type of intervention is known as a top-down approach.
The therapist breaks a task down into incremental parts, eventually putting the parts together to increase independence and success with the full task. This type of intervention requires many repetitions, practice in varying environments, and adaptations to the task based on progress. This may involve increasing or decreasing the task demands or introducing different variables that change the task demands.
Feedback is provided to the child throughout the repeated practice opportunities and this is seen as a process of self-discovery where the child learns to problem-solve and plan the movements needed to complete the full task.
A task-oriented approach can be used with kids with many different ability levels and diagnoses.